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Protocol Development & Testing Training:

Prime Bit Solutions is ranked amongst the leading institutes offering exemplary telecom protocol development training. We have a team of extremely experienced and well-qualified faculty to help you with Telecom Protocol Testing and Telecom Protocol Development. Our training programs are all-inclusive and designed specifically for candidates who have a basic idea of C programming and wireless C. If you are interested in either LTE protocol development training or protocol development training, then you can contact us for enrolling in our training programs anytime. We ensure that the programs are beneficial for your future prospects and they are affordable as well. Therefore, if you are a fresher, RF engineer, OSS & BSS engineer, optimization engineer, O&M engineer or technical support engineer, then we offer the best programs for enhancing your career. If you wish to shift your career into wireless chip development, then do not wait and join our protocol development training programs now! Feel free to contact us anytime.

 Course Name                        :               Protocol Stack Development
 Deployment Options            :                Online/classroom - Instructor-Led Training
 Course Duration                   :                3 Months
Telecom Protocol Development Training Course Objectives


 At the end of course You will have

  • Good understanding of Different technologies- UMTS, HSDPA,HSUPA,HSPA+, LTE, L

             Advance,  IMS,Voip, SIP and Bluetooth.

  • Expertise  Access and Non-Access stratum modules (Layer3/Layer2/layer1) mandatory for               2G/3G/4Gprotocol stack modules.
  • Expertise in RRM, RRC, RLC/MAC, MM, SNDCP, SPV, SNDCP, Layer1,Layer2,Layer 3 etc.,
  • Very good overview of relevant module specifications Good experience understanding and decoding the 3GPP.
  • Understanding of Call Processing concepts of the following air interface standards LTE(FDD or/and TDD) or HSDPA/ HSUPA/HSPA+,GSM/ GPRS /EDGE / Rel99/ Rel5 /rel8/rel9.
  • Expertise in analyzing logs, troubleshooting issues from field or lab for UMTS/GSM CS, PS calls, LTE Data calls, VoLTE, eMBMS .
  • Excellent knowledge in 2G/3G/4G  3GPP system architecture, protocol specifications and related procedures in control and data plane on Non-Access, Acces-Stratum and Layer 1 level
  • Good understanding of  of PS internal component architecture and interconnection of PS sub-components to meet the requirements of the system for Multimode Protocol Stacks
  • To Monitor and support 3GPP UMTS/LTE related standards and standardization work
  • Understanding of software development and  concepts for wireless handsets for various air interface standards.
  • Strong embedded development, RTOS, Data Structure  and debugging concepts.
  • Mapping of requirements to architectural elements and related system design.
  • Knowledge of Finite State Machine design and related programming techniques (e.g. in SDL)
  • Programming skills (C/C++) in a real time embedded system on  Linux environment for the 2G/3G protocol layers.
  • Intimate knowledge and understanding of software development, design principles and quality procedures.
  • Good understanding to the overall Software Architecture Specification (UML) as complete project flow.


Target Audience


  •  Freshers, RF Engineers,OSS & BSS Engineers, Optimization Engineers, O&M Engineers & Technical support Engineers who have wish to shift their career into Wireless Chip Development.




  •  It is strongly recommended that candidates must have basic idea of C programming and Wireless c


  Course Technical Summary
Technology & protocol

LMP, L2CAP, RFCOMM S&T HCI, UMTS-FDD(RRC, RCC, MAC, PLY, BMC,PDCP, RLC), Core network protocol,HSDPA,HSUPA,HSPA+,LTE and SAE,Voip and SIP,WCDMA. CS and PS procedures and message flow.Acess Stratum and Non Access stratum data and signalling flow within the wireless protocol stack and different channels.









Clearcase,SVN,CVS,GDB,DDD,JIRA,In-Circuit Simulators,Wireshark,Protocol Analyzer,Anritsu,Aeroflex


Platform/ OS




Chipset/ Hardware


Infineon,Broadcom,Intel,Qualcom,ARM 7, ARM 9, ARM 11




Re 99,Re,5,R4 See 8, Re 9, Re,10.

26 Series- Codec.

25 Series- Aceess Startum

24 Series- NAS

21 Series- Requirement Management.

30 Series-Program Management





 UMTS Course Outlet


 Moduule 1:                                      WCDMA: A Brief Concept


  • Different tyoes of Radio Access Technology.
  • Detailed introduction to the Protocol Stack Architecture and operation of the WCDMA radio interface from physical layer to application layers.
  • Principles behind the operation of the physical layer such as spreading and scrambling codes  and the WCDMA modulation.
  • Details of baseband processing functions such as rake receiver, rate matching, channel coding and decoding (including Turbo codes), interleaving and changes when operating in compressed mode.
  • Different  types of Handover and inter-working between GSM and WCDMA such as soft handover, hard handover, intersystem handover and etc.
  • Review of layers 2, 3 and Non Access Stratum protocols including principles of operation of the radio interface as a whole.


 Module 2:                                      Software design for WCDMA


  • Different Types of Logical,Transport and Physical Channels and their functionalities.
  • Introduction to the principles and operation of the physical layer
  • DL and UL Physical Layer processing
  • MAC layer structure and operation. Examples of operation for transport format combination and the random access process.
  • Detailed review of the RLC layer and its different operating modes-TM,UM,AM Details of structure and operation of RRC protocol and RRC state machine with in-depth consideration of RRC                procedures including bearer management, connection management, security management and mobility management.
  • Non Access Stratum functions including both GSM and GPRS based protocols as well as detailed consideration of SIP and SDP protocols as part of the R5 IP Multimedia Subsystem 3GPP.


 Module 3:                                          WCDMA Hardware Design


  • Introduction to spread spectrum and modulation.
  • Transmitter hardware design, physical layer processing stages in the transmitter. Coding, interleaving, transport format combining and filtering.
  • Receiver hardware design, key symbol rate functions such as channel decoding and interleaving. Rake receiver considered in detail 3GPP.


 Module 4:                                           Signalling Procedures


  • CS call flow
  • PS Data flow
  • Mult icall flow
  • Video call flow
  • HSPA and HSPA+


                                                                HSDPA Course Outlet



 Module 5:                                                HSDPA Fundamentals


  • Describe High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA)
  • State the motivations for deploying HSDPA
  • Describe the HSDPA channels and their functions
  • llustrate the maximum HSDPA data rate
  • Explain issues that affect data rate in a real world deployment
  • Describe other implementation considerations


 Module 6:                                           HSDPA Protocol Stack


  • Define the HSDPA data transfer model and describe how HSDPA addresses the Rel99 limitations for packet data service
  • Recognize the HSDPA protocol stack components and functions
  • List Node B enhancements to support HSDPA
  • Identify HSDPA physical layer channels and explain channel coding
  • Explain UE physical layer processing needed to accomplish HSDPA operations
  • Summarize and explain Layer 2 protocols including MAC-d multiplexing and HARQ
  • Summarize and explain Layer 3 protocols and procedures
  • Overview HSDPA deployment scenarios, resource allocation and common issues


 Module 7:                                             HSUPA Fundamentals


  • State the motivations for the introduction of HSUPA
  • Name applications benefiting from HSUPA
  • Describe the 3GPP UMTS and WCDMA releases and features
  • Explain basic HSUPA concepts and operation
  • Name and describe key HSUPA features
  • Explain how maximum data rate is achieved
  • Describe the different UE categories for HSUPA


 Module 8:                                                    HSUPA Protocol Stack


  • Recall the main motivations for the introduction of HSUPA
  • Identify the Rel 6 uplink and downlink enhancements
  • Overview the UMTS network architecture and protocols
  • Explain how HSUPA operates
  • List the HSUPA Physical Layer channels and describe HSUPA channel mapping and coding
  • Outline the physical channel procedures performed in the UE and Node B to accomplish HSUPA operations
  • Explain the MAC operation to support HSUPA
  • Describe the HSUPA MAC architecture of UE and UTRAN
  • Identify the HSUPA RRC functions
  • Explain the call flow for setting up HSUPA operations, in conjunction with either R99 of HSDPA data connections
  • Describe the impact of UE state transitions on HSUPA operation.


 Module 9:                                              HSPA+Protocol Stack
  • Identify motivations behind Release 7 and 8 enhancements.
  • List Release 7 features that aid in achieving higher data rates and how this evolved further in Release 8 and later.
  • Describe Release 7 features such as MIMO and higher order modulation schemes as well as Rel 8 features such as MIMO with 64-QAM and CD-HSDPA that allow for higher data rates.
  • Explain how new features such as CPC and enhancements to RRC states in Release 7 and 8 allow more efficient system operation.


LTE &SAE Course Outlet



 Module 10:                                                   Introduction of LTE


  • Describe 3GPP Technology evolution.
  • Explain Downlink and Uplink air interface
  • Describe LTE network architecture.
  • Recognize MIMO, Hybrid ARQ,SC-FDMA  and OFDM.


 Module 11:                                                       Architecture


  • Hardware architecture and different interfaces.
  •  Protocol stacks and user plane
  • State diagrams
  •  Bearers, channels and services




 Module 12:                                Air interface physical layers and LTE Channels


  • Explain Uplink and Downlink Signals that support LTE
  • List Downlink  Physical Channel, Transport Channel and Logical Channel.
  • Describe Uplink Physical Channel, Transport Channel and Logical Channel.
  • Explain how to pass Uplink and Downlink Control Information
  • Describe Uplink and Downlink Channel Type Mapping


 Module 13:                                          Higher Layer protocols and Procedure


  • Description of the protocols in layer 2 of the air interface (MAC, RLC and PDCP) and layer 3 (RRC and the non-access stratum).
  • Describe different type of system information Block, Measurement event and measurement report.
  • Describe Physical and Mac layer procedure that includes Random access, Timing Advance, Uplink power control and channel quality indication.
  • Discuss Signalling procedure with demonstration of RRC connection Establishment,Bearer Establishment, Tracking area update and intersystem handover.
  • Describe idle Mode procedures  through explanation with PLMN selection, Cell Selection,Cell Reselection, Access Control and Paging Procedures.


 Module 14:                                        LTE  Call Processing Overview


  • Describe the EPS network architecture and nodes
  • State how subscription information and LTE device capability are utilized to support PLMN selection, cell search, and cell camping
  • Explain intra-frequency and inter-frequency cell reselection during Idle state mobility
  • Illustrate the paging mechanism in idle state
  • Describe the EPS Attach Procedure, authentication and security activation
  • Illustrate the establishment of EPS bearers to support the transport of user plane application data
  • Explain QoS support and UE and NW dedicated EPS bearer establishment
  • Illustrate connectivity to multiple APNs
  • Summarize event configuration to facilitate measurements and reporting in connected state
  • List different types of intra-LTE handovers and seamless data transport during handovers
  • Describe different Radio Link failure scenarios and recovery mechanisms
  • Show the inter-RAT handover mechanism for UTRAN and eHRPD
  • Explain Circuit Switched Fallback (CSFB)


 Module 15:                                                           3GPP


  • Re 99,Re,5,R4 See 8, Re 9, Re,10.
  • 26 Series- Codec.
  • 25 Series- Aceess Startum
  • 24 Series- NAS
  • 21 Series- Requirement Management.
  • 30 Series-Program Management
 Module 16:                                     Advanced C & Unix Programming


This course provides a thorough practical exposure to the C programming language, the workhorse of the UNIX operating system . The first two weeks will cover basic syntax and grammar which covers Basic C, Loops,Function,Array,Pointer,Structure and expose students to practical programming techniques. The remaining lectures will focus on more advanced concepts, such as dynamic memory allocation,memory management Data Structure, concurrency and synchronization, UNIX signals and process control, library development and usage. Daily programming assignments and weekly laboratory exercises are required. Knowledge of C is highly marketable for full-time positions in software and embedded systems development.


 Module 17:                                            Development Tools


  • Debugging tools: GDB
  • Bug Tracking tool: JIRA and BugZilla
  • Version tool: CVS ,SVN
  • Software configuration management : clear case
  • Compiler: GCC and ASN.1
  • Protocol Analyzer and network Simulator.
  • Chipset and Log capture tool: Broadcom, Intel and qualcom.
  • 3GPP Specification 


  • Describe the real time project in Layer1, layer 2, layer 3 of next generation telecom technologies on wireless protocol stack development  from scratch to end which covers the  series of PDLC services from Design and Development to Sustenance and Support, and also extends agilely to Platform Modernization and Application Management
  • Primebit’s team of highly experienced software architects and engineers will teach you how to collect the Requirements,analyze it and define the module interface to develop the complete product .
  • Describes how to work with a variety of development and test environments, utilizing a huge range of tools and technologies that should very familiar with Agile,  and Waterfall development methodologies.
  • Discuss how to use 3GPP in your project development and how to decode the information elements  and compile the messages.
  • Discuss how to track and fix the bug by using debugging and bug tracking tool.
  • Will discuss the system integration and how to release the different version of product.



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